When and where did he live? Galileo lived from 15 Feb 1564 to the 8th of January 1862 in Italy.
What is he the father of? Why is he famous? Galileo is often referred to as the “father of Astronomy” for his paradigm shifting views on the nature of the universe. Some go as far as to call him the “father of Science”. He improved the telescope to the point that he could confirm the theories of a fellow astronomer Copernicus that the sun was the center of the universe instead of the earth. This caused a great uproar in the religious and scientific community of his time, and caused him to be accused and tried for heresy by the Catholic church.
Despite opposition, he continued his work and discovered many hereto unknown heavenly bodies, such as some of the moons of Jupiter. His work laid the foundation for centuries of discoveries after him.
How many children did he have? Did they follow in their father’s footsteps? Galileo never married, but had three illegitimate children with a woman named Maria Gamba. In this time in history, this severely limited the opportunities his children, especially his two daughters, would have in life. Though he left a great legacy for the world, Galileo did not leave a great one for his children.